Every security has a threat, lurking in the background waiting for an opportunity to attack seeking for the right timing. When the opportunity comes, the threat attacks like a pack of wolves ripping every inch they can to crumble down the defense. That’s the case every time someone puts up a security system, especially for business big or small. An imminent threat always tries to break in to the system to destroy or steal important data and information. Even though security systems are upgraded frequently to prevent threats from coming in, it’s still important to be educated about your enemy.
This year, an IT Services Australia identified several threats to our cyber security. From the easiest to remedy to the hardest, it won’t hurt to study these threats to anticipate them and to know what to do once these threats attack. Businessmen and companies have spent a large sum to protect their cyber property and step up their security measures, even normal individuals and households are being cautious of cyber-attacks.
Here’s the list of the top 5 cybersecurity threats to look out for:
Nope, this doesn’t involve fishes. But it does seem like you were fished out of the water after getting tricked by a bait. That is how Phishing works, where hackers send fraudulent emails from trusted account to target businesses through individual staff members. The emails sent may appear to be from someone you trust or legitimate, appearing to be of urgent need to you. There is also an attachment to open or a link to click. When one opens the attachment, malware is then installed in your computer and that’s the time you’ll know that attachment is malicious. If a link goes along with the email you received, you are sent to a legitimate-looking website that asks for your login credentials for you to access an “important” file. Except that this site only captures and steals the credentials you inputted. Basically, phishing takes advantage of the curiosity of people and innocent staff.
Short for Distributed Denial of Service, DDoS is a type of DoS (Denial of Service) attack where multiple systems are compromised which are then used to attack a single system that causes a denial of service. Often infected with a Trojan virus, a DDoS attack overwhelms a target (e.g. server, website, banks, etc.) with incoming traffic from numerous different sources. DDoS prevents people from controlling IoT objects remotely, because its network is already compromised and flooded by traffic that resulted from the attack.
Bots or Botnets are a collection of software robots, thus the name “Bots”. If you have never heard of it, that is because they are largely undetected. They creep into your systems and create an army of infected computers. They are controlled by the originator remotely, sending spam emails with viruses attached like how phishing works. Spreading all types of malware, the attacker can use your computer to a part of a denial of service attack against other systems that they want to. To put it simply, bots/botnets are designed to scan a system to find specific information, weak points in a system or access points that can be exploited at which the hackers can do whatever it is they have set their mind upon. They are tasked to do and complete a job as quickly as possible.
You already know how ransom works. So, in the cyber world, ransomware restricts access to our computers and our files until a sum of money is paid out. Familiar isn’t it? There are two types of ransomware: Lockscreen ransomware which displays an image that prevents you from accessing your computer; and Encryption ransomware which encrypts files either on your hard drives, shared network drives, USB drives, external hard drives or cloud storage drive that restricts you from accessing or opening them. This causes massive disruption to productivity within the workplace.
Short for malicious software, malware intrudes and harms the software of your gadget or computers, performing executables that are against the interests of the user. Basically, it is a harmful software that creates all sorts of disturbances, like they take control of your computer, steal sensitive and important information, alter or delete files or worse, reformat your hard drives causing you to lose all data stored in it. They come in different forms like worms, Trojan horses, spyware and adware. It’s the most common of all cyberthreats, and still dangerous as ever.